Meniscus Lesion

What is a Meniscus lesion?

What is a Meniscus lesion?

Meniscal lesions are among the most common knee disorders encountered by the practicing orthopaedic surgeon, knee meniscus is a fibrocartilage that separates thigh bone from your shin bone in the knee joint there are two unique half-moon-shaped or kidney shape pieces of cartilage called menisci that lie firmly on the shin bone. The main function of the meniscus is to act as a load distributor when we walk or run and jump. The amount of force increases exponentially as the speed of movement increases from walking to running to jumping. Your meniscus helps to disperse the compressive forces over the entire knee rather than isolating them.

 

How do meniscus injuries occur?

There are two main types of meniscal injuries:

  • One is when the meniscus gets caught between the thigh bone and the shin bone and is subsequently damaged. This type of injury is common if someone is tackled during a football game.
  • Other wear and tear-type injuries to the leading edge of the meniscus.

What are the symptoms of a meniscus injury?

It is difficult to diagnose whether a meniscus injury has occurred unless the knee is locked after the incident. Swelling may occur, but not always. Even the most classical symptoms may fail to appear at first.

Normally one has a locked knee that cannot be straightened, the knee can suddenly lock on twisting and then unlock with an audible click, means you may experience clicking, popping, or locking of the knee.

Other symptom is pain and swelling of the knee a few hours after the injury has occured. Cartilage injury will normally produce symptoms of pain, swelling, clicking, sometimes locking and sometimes sensations of instability.

How is a meniscus lesion treated?

There is no standard treatment of meniscus lesions.

Meniscus lesions which are minor can be usually treated with a combination of rest, anti-inflammatory drugs and physical therapy instead of surgery.

Larger meniscus tears require surgery and every effort will be made to preserve the torn cartilage using meniscal repair techniques.

 

Physical therapy treatment for a Knee Meniscus Tear

 

Generally a small meniscus tear, or a tear in the red zone patients are treated by a physical therapy programme or rehab, normally non weight bearing for six weeks during which time the new plug or scab of healing cartilage forms and matures.

Physical therapy treatment is normally successful in approximately 80 per cent of patients, but if it fails then the treatment can be repeated, or bigger surgery such as cartilage transplant surgery can be performed.

Your physiotherapy treatment will aim to:

  • Reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Normalize joint range of motion.
  • Strengthen your knee
  • Strengthen your lower limb: calves, hip and pelvis muscles.
  • Improve patello-femoral (knee cap) alignment.
  • Normalise your muscle lengths
  • Improve your proprioception and balance Improve your technique and function eg walking, running, squatting, hopping and landing.
  • Minimise your chance of re-injury.

 

REHABILITATION at SOS PHYSIO

At SOS PHYSIO your treatment in physical therapy is a coordinated effort between the patient, surgeon and physical or occupational therapist is required. We at SOS PHYSIO ensure that we give our patients the highest quality of care, effective treatment and a rapid rehabilitation program.

For more info- contact us.

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