Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Overview

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is an inherited disorder that weakens the connective tissues of your body — primarily your skin, joints & blood vessel walls. It can make your joints loose and your skin thin as well as easily bruised.  It also can weaken blood vessels & organs.  Connective tissue is a complex mixture of proteins & other substances which is responsible for supporting & structuring the skin, blood vessels, bones, & organs. A group of genetic disorders cause Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, which results in a defect in collagen production.

Although EDS is untreatable, but the symptoms can often be treated & managed.

Symptoms

Parents are sometimes silent carriers as it’s the defective genes that cause EDS. This means the parents may not have any symptoms of the condition & are unaware that they’re carriers of a defective gene. Other times, the gene cause is dominant and can cause symptoms.

Symptoms of classic EDS

  • fragile skin
  • loose joints
  • redundant skin folds on the eyes
  • skin that bruises easily
  • heart valve problems
  • highly elastic, velvety skin
  • muscle pain
  • muscle fatigue

Symptoms of hypermobile EDS (hEDS)

  • premature osteoarthritis
  • loose joints
  • muscle pain
  • heart valve problems
  • chronic degenerative joint disease
  • easy bruising
  • muscle fatigue
  • chronic pain

Symptoms of vascular EDS

  • small chin
  • fragile blood vessels
  • thin skin
  • thin nose
  • transparent skin
  • heart valve problems
  • thin lips
  • sunken cheeks
  • protruding eyes
  • collapsed lung

Causes

EDS is a genetic disorder. If you have the most common varieties of EDS, there’s a 50 percent chance that you’ll pass on the gene to each of your children.

EDS happens when your body doesn’t make a protein called collagen in the right way. Collagen helps form the connections that hold your body’s bones, skin, and organs together. If there’s a problem with it, those structures can be weak & more likely to have problems.

Physical therapy at SOS PHYSIO Rehab

Joints with weak connective tissue are more likely to dislocate. Exercises help to build the muscles and stabilize joints. Physical therapy is especially important for children with EDS. Our physical therapist at SOS PHYSIO Rehab might also recommend specific braces to help prevent joint dislocations.

There are many physical therapy treatments such as Manual therapy & Active Release Techniques (ART) are found to be very effective in treating this type of disorder.
For more information- Contact your local SOS PHYSIO clinic.

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