Fibromyalgia is a long-term (chronic) condition, also the second most common condition affecting your bones & muscles. Women are more likely to develop fibromyalgia than men. It’s symptoms are pain in the muscles and joint pain and fatigue. Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain accompanied by sleep, fatigue, memory & mood issues. It is to be believed that fibromyalgia amplifies painful sensations by affecting the way your brain & spinal cord process painful and non-painful signals.

Although, there’s no cure, but a combination of physical therapy exercise, managing your stress & healthy habits may ease your symptoms enough that you can live a normal, quality life.


Doctors aren’t sure what causes it, but some researchers believe that repeated nerve stimulation causes the brain and spinal cord of people with fibromyalgia to change. This change involves an abnormal increase in levels of certain chemicals in the brain that signal pain.

There are some factors which lead to these changes-

  • Infections- Some illnesses appear to trigger or aggravate fibromyalgia.
  • Genetics- Fibromyalgia tends to run in families, there may be certain genetic mutations that may make you more susceptible to developing the disorder.
  • Physical or emotional events- Fibromyalgia can sometimes be triggered by a physical event. Prolonged psychological stress may also trigger the condition.


Widespread pain- The pain of fibromyalgia is a constant dull ache that last for at least three months. To be considered widespread, the pain must occur on both sides of your body and above and below your waist.

Fatigue- Patients often awaken tired, even though they report sleeping for long periods of time. Sleep is often disrupted by pain, and many patients with fibromyalgia have other sleep disorders, such as restless legs syndrome and sleep apnea.

Cognitive difficulties- A symptom commonly referred to as “fibro fog” impairs the ability to focus, pay attention and concentrate on mental tasks.

Fibromyalgia sometimes co-exists with other conditions, such as:

  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Migraine and other types of headaches
  • Temporomandibular joint disorders
  • Interstitial cystitis or painful bladder syndrome
  • Anxiety
  • Postural tachycardia syndrome
  • Depression

Physical therapy treatment at SOS PHYSIO Rehab

While there is no known cure for fibromyalgia, physical therapy may help ease the symptoms of pain.  Physical therapy can help reduce the effect that fibromyalgia has on your body & your life. It can also help reduce stiffness and fatigue.  A physical therapist can teach you exercises that will improve your strength, flexibility and stamina. In addition to exercise, physical therapists use a wide range of resources — from deep tissue massage to ice and heat packs for hydrotherapy.

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