Osteochondritis Dissecans


Osteochondritis dissecans is a painful joint condition which occurs most commonly in the knees, but one can also have it in the elbows, ankles & other joints. This happens when fragment of bone underneath the cartilage of a joint separates due to lack of blood flow. This bone and cartilage can then break loose, causing pain and dysfunction.

It affects teens and young adults, but it can also occur in younger children who are active in sports. It is more common in children, especially those between the ages of 10 and 20 years who are physically active.


  • Pain, especially after physical activity
  • Inflammation, swelling & tenderness in the joint
  • Joint popping, cracking or locking in the joint during movement
  • Joint weakness
  • Decreased range of motion in the joint
  • Stiffness after a period of inactivity


The causes of osteochondritis dissecans are mostly unknown. The reduced blood flow to the end of the affected bone might result from repetitive trauma — small, multiple episodes of minor, unrecognized injury that damage the bone. There might be a genetic component, making some people more inclined to develop the disorder. Other factors may be weak ligaments or meniscal lesions in the knee.

Physical therapy at SOS PHYSIO Rehab

Most often, physical therapy at SOS PHYSIO Rehab includes stretching, range-of-motion exercises & strengthening exercises for the muscles that support the involved joint. Physical therapy is also commonly recommended after surgery, as well.

There are many physical therapy treatments such as Manual therapy & Active Release Techniques (ART) are found to be very effective in treating this type of disorder.
For more information- Contact your local SOS PHYSIO clinic.

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