What is Vertigo?

Vertigo is a common ailment that affects a large number of people every year. Although it isn’t a life-threatening condition, it can affect the quality of life substantially. Vertigo is a sense of rotation, rocking, moving, or spinning experienced even when someone is perfectly still. Movement of the head or body can worsen vertigo symptoms, which include lightheadedness, nausea, or vomiting. When vertigo occurs, it may last for hours or even days before resolving.


  • Cervical spine issues
  • Central nervous system issues such as stroke or tumor
  • Vascular impairment
  • Vestibular neuritis
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Inner-ear infections
  • BPPV or “loose crystals”

What is BPPV Vertigo?

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most common vertigo causes, and can be characterized by the sudden sensation that you’re spinning or that your head is spinning inside. BPPV often is described as brief episodes of dizziness, ranging from mild to intense, and is often triggered by changes in the position of your head, turning over in bed, or sitting up quickly.

BPPV symptoms are due to displaced crystals of calcium, called otoconia, that have collected within a part of the inner ear. Head movements cause the displaced otoconia to shift, sending false signals to the brain.


The signs and symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) may include:

  • A sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving (vertigo)
  • Dizziness
  • A loss of balance or unsteadiness
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea

Risk factors

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is also more common in women than in men.
  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo occurs most often in people age 50 and older but can occur at any age.
  • A head injury or any other disorder of the balance organs of your ear may make you more susceptible to BPPV.

Causes of cervicogenic vertigo

Cervicogenic vertigo dizziness is one of the types of vertigo, commonly known as Cervical Vertigo. Cervical Vertigo is related to the cervical spine.

Risk factors

  • Sports injury
  • Head and neck injury, such as whiplash.
  • Arthritis
  • Poor Posture
  • Surgery


  • Unsteadiness walking
  • Lightheadedness,
  • Floating feeling
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Loss of coordination
  • Ear pain
  • Ringing in ears
  • Nausea
  • Loss of balance · Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty concentrating

How physical therapy can help?

Physical therapy can be a very good option for treating symptoms of dizziness and vertigo, especially if these symptoms are triggered or made worse by movement. In many cases, dizziness that is worse with movement is caused by a disorder involving the inner ear (vestibular) system. Research has shown that vestibular physiotherapy is highly effective in treating vestibular disorders, such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), viral infection of the inner ear (vestibular neuritis) and vestibular migraine (a form of migraine that causes vertigo and dizziness with or without symptoms of headache). 

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