What is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

When you wake up in the morning and go to sit up in bed, but when you move your body into a sitting position, the room starts to spin. You might be experiencing benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). BPPV can make you feel like the entire room is spinning around you. This spinning sensation or dizziness is known as vertigo, and BPPV is one of the most common forms of this condition.


The most common symptoms of BPPV is a sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving. While it might seem scary but BPPV isn’t serious and the only risk that comes along with the condition is the increased risk of falls. Other than feeling dizziness, you may vomit or feel nauseous.


Benign paroxysmal position vertigo is actually an inner ear disorder. A sensory organ inside our ear called the utricle has tiny calcium crystals on it. This kind of vertigo happens when these crystals go into the fluid-filled spaces of our inner ear. If the loose crystals migrate into the ear, you’ll get a sensation of vertigo when your head changes position.

BPPV can happen suddenly and be very frightening if one has never experienced it before. The BPPV is different from other forms of vertigo as in this case, the sensation of vertigo will be felt with changes in head position.

Treatment at SOS PHYSIO Rehab

If you think you have BPPV, see your doctor for an initial diagnosis. Your doctor will likely take a detailed health history and look for nystagmus — a jerking of the eyes that’s commonly seen with BPPV.  Doctor may attempt to induce vertigo sensations using the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, which is basically turning your head 45 degrees to one side and quickly laying you down backward so that your head is off the edge of the examining table.

BPPV is completely treatable, and physical therapy can be an effective treatment. A physical therapist will assess you and may use the Epley maneuver to help you feel better. The Epley maneuver involves moving your head in certain ways to remove the crystals from your inner ear to relieve your dizziness. Your physical therapist may also perform other repositioning maneuvers sometimes.

You don’t have to suffer from dizziness caused by BPPV. Physical therapists at SOS Physio Rehab can help get you feeling like your old self again. Contact us for your appointment.

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