Cerebral palsy


Cerebral palsy (CP) is a term used to describe neurological condition caused by brain damage and it is the most common form and movement disability of childhood.

It is a group of disorders that affect movement and muscle tone or posture; it’s hard to move certain parts of the body. It’s caused by damage that occurs to the immature brain as it develops, most often before birth. Damage to certain parts of the brain, voluntary or involuntary movements or both can be affected.

Cerebral palsy causes impaired movement associated with floppiness or rigidity of the limbs and trunk, abnormal reflexes, abnormal posture, involuntary movements or unsteady walking. People can have problems swallowing & commonly have eye muscle imbalance, in which the eyes don’t focus on the same object.


  • Overdeveloped or underdeveloped muscle tone, which are too stiff or floppy movements
  • Intellectual disabilities
  • Stiff muscles that contract abnormally
  • Mental health conditions
  • Involuntary movements or tremors
  • Favoring one side of the body over the other such as reaching with one hand or dragging a leg while crawling
  • Seizures
  • Crawling in an unusual way, difficulty walking
  • Lying down in awkward positions
  • Excessive drooling or problems with feeding, sucking & swallowing
  • Delays in speech development or difficulty speaking
  • Difficulty in hearing & eyesight problems
  • Urinary incontinence & bowel movements
  • Poor coordination and lack of balance, known as ataxia


  • Complications related to premature delivery
  • Gene mutations or conditions that lead to abnormal development
  • Poor brain development or bleeding into the brain in the womb or as a newborn
  • Disruption of blood supply to the developing brain
  • Infant infections that cause inflammation in or around the brain
  • Maternal infections or medical conditions that affect the developing fetus
  • Poor brain development or bleeding into the brain in the womb or as a newborn
  • Ingestion of toxins or drugs during pregnancy

Physical therapy at SOS PHYSIO Rehab

Physical therapist at SOS PHYSIO’s Rehab will help in your child’s strength, balance, flexibility, motor development & mobility.

For the first one to two years after birth, physical therapists provide support with issues such as head and trunk control, rolling, & grasping.

There are many physical therapy treatments such as Manual therapy & Active Release Techniques (ART) are found to be very effective in treating this type of disorder.
For more information- Contact your local SOS PHYSIO clinic.

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