What is concussion?

A concussion is a traumatic injury of brain that affects the brain function. Effects are generally temporary but can cause headaches and concentration problem, memory, balance and coordination.Sometimes concussions cause you to lose consciousness, but rarely. It’s very much possible to have a concussion and not even realize it.

The formal medical definition of the concussion is a clinical syndrome characterized by immediate and transient alteration in the brain function, including alteration of mental status and level of consciousness, resulting from mechanical force or trauma.

Symptoms of concussion

Common signs and symptoms of the concussion can be subtle and may not show up immediately. Symptoms can last for weeks or sometimes even longer.Signs and symptoms of the concussion may include:

  • Headache and a feeling of pressure inside the head
  • Temporary consciousness loss
  • Confusion
  • Amnesia surrounding the traumatic event
  • Dizziness
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Slurred speech
  • Increase in reaction time
  • Appearing dazed
  • Fatigue

Common causes include:

  • Falls
  • car or motorcycle accidents
  • sports injuries
  • rapid back-and-forth forces such as shaken baby syndrome or nearby battlefield explosions.

Risk factors

Activities that might increase the risk of a concussion are:

  • Falling, especially in young children and older adults
  • Participating in a high-risk sport, such as football, hockey, soccer, rugby, boxing or other contact sport
  • Participating in high-risk sports without proper safety equipment and supervision
  • Being involved in a motor vehicle collision
  • Being involved in a pedestrian or bicycle accident
  • Being a soldier involved in combat
  • Being a victim of physical abuse
  • Having had a previous concussion


Some tips that might help you to prevent or at least minimize the risk of head injury include:

  • Wearing protective gears during the sports and other recreational activities
  • Buckling your seat belt always
  • Making your home safe
  • Protecting your children
  • Exercising regularly
  • Educating others about concussions

How Can a Physical Therapy Help?

Physical therapists at SOS PHYSIO can evaluate and treat all the problems related to the concussion. Our physical therapist will be examining your neurological, orthopedic, as well as cardiovascular systems in order to offer thebest treatment.


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