Lumbar (lower) back strain and sprain

Lumbar(lower) back strain and sprain

Lumbar(lower) back strain and sprain

When the lower back or lumbar back spine is strained and sprained, the muscles and tissues become swollen which causes severe pain and may cause muscle spasms.

A lumbar back strain is an injury to either a muscle or tendon. Tendons are the tough, fibrous bands of tissue that connect muscle to bone. With a back strain, the muscles and tendons that support the spine are twisted, pulled, or torn.

A lumbar back sprain is the stretching or tearing of a ligament. Ligaments are the fibrous bands of tissue that connect two or more bones at a joint and prevent excessive movement of the joint.

Lumbar back strains and sprains can occur at any age, but it is most common in those in their forties. When lumber strain has been present for days or weeks is referred to as acute. If it has persisted for longer than 3 months, it is considered chronic.


Twisting or pulling a muscle or tendon can result in a strain. A single instance of improper lifting or overstressing the back muscles can also be a cause. Long-term strain usually results from overuse after prolonged, repetitive movement of the muscles and tendons.

A sprain often occurs after a fall or sudden twist, or a blow to the body that forces a joint out of its normal position. All of these conditions stretch one or more ligaments beyond their normal range of movement, causing injury.

Along with these, several factors can also be the causes of lumbar strain or sprain, including:

  • Being overweight
  • Curving the lower back excessively
  • Having weak back or abdominal muscles, and/or tight hamstrings (muscles in the back of the thighs).
  • Sports that require pushing and pulling such as weightlifting & football.


  • Pain that intensifies with movement
  • Restricted range of motion
  • Dull, achy lower back pain
  • Local tenderness and inflammation
  • Difficulty standing or walking
  • Stiffness in the lower back
  • Muscle spasms and cramps
  • Pain relief on rest, which is temporary and intensifies on getting up to move again
  • Pain that persists for a maximum of 10-14 days

Treatment with physical therapy at SOS PHYSIO Rehab

Physical therapists at SOS PHYSIO Rehab will assess your condition and design a customized treatment plan after examining your overall health condition & injury. The therapist will perform an in-depth evaluation, which, combined with the doctor’s diagnosis, dictates a treatment specifically designed for the patient. Physical therapy may include pelvic traction, gentle massage, ice and heat therapy, ultrasound, electrical muscle stimulation, and stretching exercises. A physical therapist will also recommend exercises to do regularly at home in the long term.

Call us today at 305-306-8376 to schedule a consultation and start getting relief for your condition.

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