Scoliosis is an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine. The normal shape of a person’s spine includes a curve at the top of the shoulder & a curve at the lower back. If your curvature of the spine forming an “S” or “C” shape, you might have scoliosis.

The condition is often diagnosed during the first 7 years of a child’s life. The child may appear to be leaning to one side. Both the middle (thoracic) and lower (lumbar) spine may be affected.

Common causes in the child are:

  • neurological abnormalities
  • birth defects
  • genetic conditions


In most cases, the cause scoliosis is not known. Possible causes of scoliosis include:

  • Injury
  • Infection
  • Cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy
  • Leg length discrepancy
  • Tumors


  • One hip higher than the other
  • Uneven shoulders
  • Uneven waist
  • One shoulder blade that appears more prominent than the other

The spine will also rotate or twist in the worst scoliosis, in addition to curving side to side. This causes the ribs on one side of the body to stick out farther than on the other side.

How does physical therapy help scoliosis patients?

Generally, scoliosis treatment options divide broadly into 3 categories i.e surgery, bracing, & physical therapy. Of course, there are mostly combinations of treatments to apply depending upon the case, but this the routine idea of the line of treatment.

The thing about physical therapy is that it is relevant during all phases of the condition and even after correction is achieved. It doesn’t matter if the patient is in the bracing stage or had a surgical intervention. Depending on the patient’s condition, SOS PHYSIO Rehab will customize manual intervention, strength training etc to support & strengthen the core and provide long lasting stability to the spine. The following is the line of treatment followed a physical therapist for treatment of scoliosis:

Range of Motion Exercises: Depending on the degree of the condition, a physical therapist will provide a range of motion treatment guidance that will help address the functional limitations of scoliosis.

Manual Therapy: Physical therapists also help restore functionality to joints, muscles, and other soft tissues that have been affected by scoliosis.

Strength Training: The physical therapist will help restore good core and muscular strength in order to maintain the correction and healthy and a fuller life ahead.

Postural education: Physical therapists will ensure that they educate the patient about good posture and postural habits to adapt to live a pain-free and fuller life.

SOS PHYSIO Rehab is one of the best and trusted physical therapy rehab. For more information- Contact your local SOS PHYSIO clinic.

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